KB-1490 Unable to create envelope error when invoking a process model as a web service (WSDL)


When publishing a process model as a web service, the model fails to start and the following error is seen in the application server log:

YYYY-MM-DD HH:MM:SS,mmm [ajp-/X.X.X.X:XXXX-XX] ERROR com.appiancorp.process.webservices.pmserver.PMServletDelegate - 
An unknown error occurred while consuming the PM WS for the service: com.sun.xml.messaging.saaj.SOAPExceptionImpl: Unable to create envelope from given source: at com.sun.xml.messaging.saaj.soap.EnvelopeFactory.createEnvelope(EnvelopeFactory.java:127) at com.sun.xml.messaging.saaj.soap.ver1_1.SOAPPart1_1Impl.createEnvelopeFromSource(SOAPPart1_1Impl.java:83) at com.sun.xml.messaging.saaj.soap.SOAPPartImpl.getEnvelope(SOAPPartImpl.java:143) at com.sun.xml.messaging.saaj.soap.MessageImpl.getSOAPBody(MessageImpl.java:1366) at com.appiancorp.process.webservices.pmserver.PMServletDelegate.doPost(PMServletDelegate.java:107) at com.appiancorp.process.webservices.pmserver.PMServletDelegate.handleRequest(PMServletDelegate.java:70) at com.appiancorp.process.webservices.pmserver.PMServlet.doGet(PMServlet.java:13) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:734) Caused by: javax.xml.transform.TransformerException: org.xml.sax.SAXParseException; Premature end of file. at org.apache.xalan.transformer.TransformerIdentityImpl.transform(TransformerIdentityImpl.java:502) at com.sun.xml.messaging.saaj.util.transform.EfficientStreamingTransformer.transform
(EfficientStreamingTransformer.java:414) at com.sun.xml.messaging.saaj.soap.EnvelopeFactory.createEnvelope(EnvelopeFactory.java:118) ... 89 more Caused by: org.xml.sax.SAXParseException; Premature end of file. at org.apache.xerces.parsers.AbstractSAXParser.parse(AbstractSAXParser.java:1216) at org.apache.xerces.jaxp.SAXParserImpl$JAXPSAXParser.parse(SAXParserImpl.java:555) at org.xml.sax.helpers.XMLFilterImpl.parse(XMLFilterImpl.java:357) at org.apache.xalan.transformer.TransformerIdentityImpl.transform(TransformerIdentityImpl.java:485) ... 91 more


The following are possible causes:

  • The error message indicates that this is not an issue with the process model published as a web service; it is an issue with a malformed SOAP Envelope that the invoker/client is sending to the model in order to invoke it as a Web Service. This is failing in the getEnvelope() method, which suggests the request sent is malformed. An XML Validator can confirm if it is a valid SOAP envelope.
  • The error message occurs due to the service sending a large amount of data. The web server truncates this amount of data for security reasons, which results in an invalid XML.


To resolve the behavior, consider the following:

  • If there is an issue with a malformed SOAP Envelope, use an XML Validator to confirm the client is sending a valid SOAP envelope.
  • If the web server is truncating the request due to a large amount of data being sent, try sending a smaller request from the service.
  • To troubleshoot this further and analyze the SOAP envelope that Appian is receiving, add the following logger to <APPIAN_HOME>/ear/suite.ear/resources/appian_log4j.properties:

Affected Versions

This article applies to all versions of Appian.

Last Reviewed: February 2018